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Typhon Green Mythology



Typhoon was a winged giant that is said to be so big that its head was pressed against the stars. He was also a fire – a breathing dragon with hundreds of heads, a head the size of a man, and a body as thick as a lion.   

He was born after the Olympians had defeated the Titans and Gaea wanted revenge on Zeus for the imprisonment of her children. 

Typhon was a monstrous storm giant that besieged the sky, was defeated by Zeus, and was imprisoned in the pit of Tartarus.

Typhon tore the tendon off Zeus, which was finally brought back by Hermes and returned to Zeus, and thus returned to battle after his incapacitation. Hermes took his tendon back from him and Zeus gave it back to him; but he was torn again by a Typhon, this time with the help of Hermes, who finally took out the tendon and returned it. After throwing a hundred wells – with lightning flashes pointed at the head of the monster – he was thrown into the pits of Tartarus, where he was sealed forever. There were devastating storms summoned from the dark lower realms, but none was more powerful than the storm of his own creation.

Hera got a little more than she had hoped for, and so Typhon was born, but there is also a debate about whether he is considered a god or not.    

One of the most famous legends concerning Typhon in Greek mythology is when the monster god decided he was tired of being an outcast and ascended Mount Olympus, the home of the gods. Of course, Zeus (Greek mythology) was not exactly enthusiastic about the idea and decided to stay and fight against it. If you turn to Greek mythology, your hero in this case will be the mighty and powerful Zeus.   

Typhon had several battles with Zeus in Greek mythology and in one story he began to destroy cities and throw mountains into fits of rage. There are many other accounts of Typhon’s defeat, including one in which he sneaks up on Zeus in his sleep and Zeus kills him with a lightning bolt. But there is another account, which can be found at Hesiod, in which Zeus rises from Olympus, burns his head, and then throws his remains into Tartarus.    

Athena accused Zeus of being a coward, and this led him to attack Typhon so that the giant could conquer Olympus, the home of the Olympic gods. After his conquest, Zeus hurled him to Tartarus, where many monsters, enemies of all gods, were sent. Zeus then threw him into the underworld of Mount Etna, where he still spits fire, this time in the form of a giant dragon.   

Greek history has a long history in Greece, where several ancient myths tell of how the supreme gods defeat terrible monsters. Zeus, a storm god who attacked him with lightning strikes, dueled with a water monster named Tiamat, while the other deities were very afraid.    

The myth of Ugarit tells how Baal defeated Yam, the personification of the sea, on the mountain also known as Cassius Mountain. Typhon is an evil creature in ancient Greek mythology who fought against the Olympic gods in the name of the Titans.

After Zeus defeated the Titans, her mother Gaia gave birth to Tartarus and bred with him, but legend has it that Gaia, the primordial goddess of the earth, was furious when Zeus destroyed her. Typhon was the last monster Zeus had to defeat to retake the world. During the battle, they came into contact with Zeus, who had been defeated by the other gods of the Olympic gods, Athena, Poseidon, and Zeus, son of Athena. He used his flame against Zeus and defeated him temporarily, but later had to give in again to the battle with his own flame and the flame of his father.    

He needed a new lover, because Zeus had also defeated her husband, the titan Kronos, and with the help of Aphrodite was able to give birth to a child, Typhon. He decided that he wanted the giant’s child himself to replace the lost children, so he turned to Tartarus in the pit.   

Other legends claim that Hera had a tantrum after discovering another of Zeus’s love children. Gaea, mother earth, became angry because she felt that her son, the Titans, had been unfairly treated by Zeus, the king of the Olympian gods. It united Tartarus, a symbol of the depth in the underworld, to create a devastating monster that would destroy Zeus and take his place.    

He attacked the house of the gods, lit up the rocks all around, and cried out with a mighty stream of fire gushing out of his mouth.    

Typhon was so powerful that the only conceivable opponent who could stand up to him was Zeus himself. While the other Olympians ran in fear, Zeus stood firm against the monstrous creature. There was a war between Typhon and Zeus, which threatened to break the planet in two.

The late poet described him as a volcanic giant trapped under the weight of Mount Etna and Mount Aitna in Sicily, and a monster of great power.

The post Typhon Green Mythology appeared first on Travel Experta – Family Travel Blog.

By: Shahbaz Ahmed
Title: Typhon Green Mythology
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Published Date: Thu, 08 Oct 2020 01:24:00 +0000

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What could you order from Ansett Airlines’ inflight bar in the early 1970s?




People have always liked to drink on board flights, especially people from Australia. Therefore, it should be no surprise to anyone that there was an inflight bar offering in the 1970s.

Ansett Airlines were a major player in the Australian domestic market up until their demise in September 2001. For many years, there were two domestic airlines, Trans-Australia Airlines (TAA) and Ansett.

Ansett’s Inflight Bar

At the time, Ansett operated Boeing 727s, Douglas DC-9s and Fokker F27 Friendships on domestic routes in the country. Airline tickets were quite expensive, with tariffs agreed upon by both airlines thanks to Australia’s weird two-airline policy at the time.

While tickets were expensive and food complimentary, you still had to pay for a drink at the bar. Here is an inflight bar menu from the era, showing the drinks available and their prices.

Clearly the pricing is astounding by today’s standards – 30 cents for a beer? I’ll have thirty-three please! I like how Australian gin is 35c while the imported gin is just 5c more. Which would you choose?

You can tell it is from another era as you can buy cigarettes on board. These price up at 45c, a far cry from the extortionate prices people in the west pay these days for a smoke!

Overall Thoughts

The on board offering is pretty comprehensive for internal flights, and I imagine you’d be hard pressed not to find something you might like. In those times, all payments would have been by cash as well, which would have meant a lot of coinage being handled on board.

Of course, things haven’t changed too much over the years. On many airlines you pay for your drinks just as they did back in the 1970s. Shame the prices aren’t the same of course!

Did you ever buy drinks on board flights from the inflight bar back in the day? Do you still? Thank you for reading and if you have any comments or questions, please leave them below.

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Featured image by Daniel Tanner on via Wikimedia Commons.
Menu image by Ikara on Australian Frequent Flyer.

By: The Flight Detective
Title: What could you order from Ansett Airlines’ inflight bar in the early 1970s?
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Published Date: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 15:03:14 +0000

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These Shrimp Leave the Safety of Water and Walk on Land. But Why?




The shrimp stop swimming at dusk and gather near the river’s edge. After sunset, they begin to climb out of the water. Then they march. All night long, the inch-long crustaceans parade along the rocks.

The parading shrimp of northeastern Thailand have inspired legends, dances and even a statue. (Locals also eat them.) During the rainy season, between late August and early October, tourists crowd the riverbanks with flashlights to watch the shrimp walk.

Watcharapong Hongjamrassilp first learned about the parading shrimp, and the hundred thousand or more tourists who come each year to see them, about 20 years ago. When he started studying biology, he returned to the topic. “I realized that we know nothing about this,” he said: What species are they? Why and how do they leave the safety of the water to walk upstream on dry land? Where are they going?

Mr. Hongjamrassilp, a graduate student at the University of California, Los Angeles, decided to answer those questions himself. His findings appeared this month in the Journal of Zoology.

Working with wildlife center staff members, Mr. Hongjamrassilp staked out nine sites along a river in Thailand’s Ubon Ratchathani province. They found shrimp parading at two of the sites — a stretch of rapids, and a low dam.

The videos they recorded revealed that the shrimp paraded from sundown to sunup. They traveled up to 65 feet upstream. Some individual shrimp stayed out of the water for 10 minutes or more.

“I was so surprised,” Mr. Hongjamrassilp said, “because I never thought that a shrimp can walk that long.” Staying in the river’s splash zone may help them keep their gills wet, so they can keep taking in oxygen. He also observed that the shells of the shrimp seem to trap a little water around their gills, like a reverse dive helmet.

DNA analysis from captured shrimp showed that nearly all belonged to the species Macrobrachium dienbienphuense, part of a genus of shrimp that live mostly or fully in freshwater. Many Macrobrachiumspecies spend part of their lives migrating upstream to their preferred habitats.

Most parading shrimp that Mr. Hongjamrassilp captured were young. Observations and lab experiments showed that these shrimp probably leave the water when the flow becomes too strong for them. Larger adult shrimp can handle a stronger current without washing away, so they’re less likely to leave the water.

Walking on land is dangerous for the little shrimp, even under cover of darkness. Predators including frogs, snakes and large spiders lurk nearby, Mr. Hongjamrassilp says. “Literally, they wait to eat them along the river.”

And the shrimp can survive on land for only so long. If the parading crustaceans lose their way, they may dry out and die before they get back to the river. A few times, Mr. Hongjamrassilp came across groups of lost shrimp dead on the rocks, their once-translucent bodies baked pink.

Yet most navigate upstream successfully, and scientists have spotted other freshwater shrimp around the world performing similar feats, scaling dams and even climbing waterfalls.

Leaving the water when the swimming gets tough may have helped these animals spread to new habitats over their evolutionary history, Mr. Hongjamrassilp said. Today, the number of parading shrimp in Thailand seems to be declining. He thinks tourist activity may be a factor, and learning more about the shrimp might help protect them.

The study’s authors made “some really excellent observations,” said Alan Covich, an ecologist at the University of Georgia who was not involved in the research. But understanding why the Ubon Ratchathani shrimp move upstream, and how far they travel, will require more research, he said.

“The most surprising thing to me was that it attracted so many tourists,” Dr. Covich said. He doesn’t know of any other example of people gathering to appreciate a crustacean in quite the same way.

“We have crayfish festivals, we have all kinds of things,” Dr. Covich said, “but generally it’s people eating them, not watching them move.”

By: Elizabeth Preston
Title: These Shrimp Leave the Safety of Water and Walk on Land. But Why?
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Published Date: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 17:02:07 +0000

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Will Aer Lingus launch transatlantic flights from Manchester?




There are reports that Aer Lingus have applied for 1,500 slots at Manchester Airport for the Summer 2021 season. This will allow the airline to base four aircraft there and service flights to the United States.

At present, there have been no press releases from the airline stating what is going on. Even so, it probably makes sense for the Irish airline to do this in the current market.

Aer Lingus And Manchester

From what is known, there will be three Airbus A321LRs and an A330 based at Manchester. These will operate non-stop services to New York JFK, Boston, Chicago and Orlando, and the season starts on 28 March 2021.

With Thomas Cook having gone out of business, there is likely space for another competitor. New York and Orlando will see competition from Virgin Atlantic, while the other two routes have no airline flying at the moment.

Aer Lingus has been connecting passengers over Dublin very successfully from the UK regions for a while now. Due to this, they will have visibility on traffic patterns, potential yields and more, making this an informed decision.

I imagine they also hope to cream off some of the connecting traffic that routes through London Heathrow on British Airways and Amsterdam on KLM among others. It would prove to be quite successful.

Transatlantic Joint Venture Approval

The US Department of Transport has tentatively given its approval for Aer Lingus to join the oneworld transatlantic joint business. This is operated by American Airlines, British Airways, Iberia and Finnair.

These airlines coordinate schedules and pricing, share revenues and expenses. For the consumer, it means more choice – those making a booking on British Airways across the Atlantic will also see options on American Airlines on the BA web site as one example.

Theoretically, it would allow people seeking flights on the British Airways web site to automatically be given options to fly non-stop with Aer Lingus, along with the Manchester-London Heathrow-US city connecting itinerary.

Whether Aer Lingus will join the oneworld alliance, even in a oneworld connect capacity remains to be seen. Frequent flyers would welcome it, especially those in Ireland.

Overall Thoughts

No doubt the boffins have been working behind the scenes to see if the business case for transatlantic flights from Manchester stack up. As things have proceeded as far as a slot application, I would guess chances are good that it will go ahead.

Either way, let’s see if this happens and if it does, whether Aer Lingus will stay for the long haul. If they can make more money elsewhere, they’ll up sticks and leave. Regardless, it is an interesting development in European aviation.

What do you think of Aer Lingus starting transatlantic services from Manchester? Thank you for reading and if you have any comments or questions, please leave them below.

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Featured image by N509FZ via Wikimedia Commons.
Aer Lingus A321neo LR by Pitmanaaron via Wikimedia Commons.
Business class cabin via One Mile At A Time.

By: The Flight Detective
Title: Will Aer Lingus launch transatlantic flights from Manchester?
Sourced From:
Published Date: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 18:03:48 +0000

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