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Thinking of Traveling in the U.S.? These States Have Travel Restrictions.

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While airlines are working to make it easier for fliers to make and adjust travel plans domestically by eliminating most change fees, travelers still face a lot of logistics, with constantly evolving state restrictions amid the ongoing pandemic.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention notes that travel increases a person’s chance of getting and spreading the virus. “Staying home is the best way to protect yourself and others from Covid-19,” the federal agency cautions.

For those who do take a trip, the C.D.C. says that each mode of transportation has its own risks, and offers a series of recommendations for safety: that people wear a face mask in public, wash hands frequently, avoid touching their face, keep six feet from others, cover coughs and sneezes, and use drive-through service and curbside pickup at restaurants and stores.

Here is a summary of current restrictions in the United States for leisure travelers, although some requirements do not apply to those spending less than a day in the state. Many states also have exemptions for essential workers who are on the job, including health care workers, members of the military and others, but even they are subject to some restrictions.

With the number of coronavirus cases surging across the country, check the areas you plan to visit before you travel. Some municipalities or counties may have more stringent regulations than issued by their state.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Alabama.

All nonresidents must upload proof of a negative or pending virus test taken within 72 hours before departure to an online travel portal, where they can also submit a travel declaration and self-isolation plan. The state requests a second test be done seven to 14 days after arriving in Alaska.

Visitors arriving without a previously taken test can get one for $250, and must quarantine while awaiting results at their own cost. Testing is free for Alaska residents, who also have the option of a two-week quarantine instead of a test.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Arizona.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Arkansas.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in California.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Colorado.

With rare exceptions, those coming into Connecticut after more than 24 hours in a state or area with a high rate of confirmed infections must self-quarantine for 14 days from their last contact with the affected state.

The states currently affected by the order are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. Visitors or residents returning from Puerto Rico and Guam face the same restrictions.

Someone whose home state is added to the list after they are already vacationing in Connecticut is asked to quarantine, but isn’t required to. People under self-quarantine may leave for medical visits, to obtain medication or to shop for groceries. A person who cannot quarantine because they are coming in for a funeral, for instance, may show proof of negative results for a coronavirus test taken in the previous 72 hours. Those who have been tested but have not received the results are required to quarantine until negative results are received and submitted to the state.

Anyone arriving from one of the higher rate areas must fill out a mandatory health form. Failure to do that, or to quarantine as required, carries a fine of up to $500 per violation.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Delaware.

People who have been to a high-risk state for nonessential travelin the previous two weeks then come into Washington for 24 hours or more must self-quarantine for 14 days. The order excludes travelers from Maryland and Virginia.

The states affected by the order are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Florida. County and city restrictions may be in place.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Georgia.

Beginning Oct. 15, Hawaii plans to implement a pre-travel testing program that would allow visitors to skip the mandatory 14-day quarantine if they can provide proof of a negative Covid-19 test taken within 72 hours of their arrival. Travelers must also pass an airport temperature screening and fill out a travel and health declaration form. Those whose test results are pending must quarantine for 14 days or until they obtain a negative result, whichever is shorter. Those with no test must quarantine for two weeks.

People violating state quarantine requirements face up to a $5,000 fine and up to a year in prison.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Idaho. County restrictions may be in place: For instance, travelers to Boise and other cities in Ada County are encouraged to self-quarantine for 14 days.

There are no statewide restrictions. However, under an emergency travel order, a 14-day quarantine is required for those entering or returning to Chicago from Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho (as of Sept. 25), Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota (as of Sept. 25), Mississippi, Missouri, Montana (as of Sept. 25), Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico (as of Sept. 25), South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah and Wisconsin (as of Sept. 25). Kentucky and Louisiana were to be removed from the quarantine list on Sept. 25.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Indiana.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Iowa.

Those who attended any out-of-state gathering that included 500 people or more where individuals did not wear masks and socially distance by six feet must quarantine for 14 days when entering Kansas. Anyone who was on a cruise ship or river cruise in March or later must also quarantine.

Travelers who visited states with an infection rate approaching 15 percent or higher are asked to self-quarantine for 14 days.

The recommendation applies to travelers from, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Louisiana.

Only residents of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York and Vermont can enter the state without restriction. Everyone else must either self-quarantine for 14 days, or sign a document stating that they had a negative result to the coronavirus test within the previous 72 hours. Those in quarantine may leave their hotel or campsite only for limited outdoor activities, such as hiking, when no other people are around.

Maine residents who travel to a state not on the exempted list must also quarantine when they return or alternatively, test negative for the virus.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Maryland.

Except for commuters, those passing through and people coming from states with a lower coronavirus transmission rate, anyone over age 18 (or a minor traveling alone) who enters Massachusetts must fill out a travel form and either quarantine for 14 days or provide proof of a negative test for the coronavirus taken within the previous 72 hours. Those awaiting test results must quarantine until a negative result is received.

The exemption applies to those who were in one of the following states for the two weeks before their visit to Massachusetts: Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Vermont and Washington.

Those who fail to comply with the rules face fines of up to $500 per day.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Michigan.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Minnesota.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Mississippi.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Missouri.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Montana.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Nebraska.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Nevada.

Those traveling to New Hampshire from non-New England states “for an extended period of time” are asked to self-quarantine for two weeks.

Those coming into New Jersey for more than 24 hours from a state or area with a high rate of confirmed infections are asked to voluntarily self-quarantine for 14 days, even if they had a recent negative virus test.

The request applies to those who spent more than 24 hours in Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming.

Travelers from those areas are also asked to complete an online survey providing details about where they have been and where they plan to stay.

All travelers and residents who are not coming from a low-risk region must either self-quarantine for 14 day or show proof of a negative coronavirus test taken within the previous 72 hours.

The low-risk areas are: Colorado, Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont, Washington and Washington D.C.

New York requires individuals who have spent more than 24 hours in a state or area with significant community spread of the coronavirus to self-quarantine for 14 days.

The states and territories affected by the quarantine order are Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Guam, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia and Wisconsin. Arizona, Minnesota, Nevada, Rhode Island, and Wyoming.

Those arriving at airports in New York must fill out a Health Department traveler form, or face a possible $2,000 fine and a mandatory quarantine order. Travelers arriving by air must fill out the form before leaving the airport, while those arriving by car, train or other modes of transportation must fill it out online. To ensure compliance, travelers to New York City may be stopped at random at bridge and tunnel crossings, in Penn Station and at the Port Authority Bus Terminal.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in North Carolina.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in North Dakota.

Traveling Ohioans and out-of-state tourists who have visited an area of high risk, or who have had possible exposure to the coronavirus, are asked to voluntarily quarantine for 14 days.

As of Sept. 23, Ohio has identified the following states as high risk: Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, South Dakota and Wisconsin.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Oklahoma.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Oregon.

The state asks travelers who have visited an area with a Covid-19 surge to self-quarantine for 14 days. The states are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee and Wisconsin.

Only those coming to Rhode Island from lower-risk states are exempt from self-quarantining for two weeks. Alternatively, visitors can provide a negative test for the virus that was taken within the previous 72 hours. A person who receives a negative test during their quarantine can stop isolating, although the state recommends the full two-week quarantine.

The states identified as higher risk are Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland,, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin and Wyoming. Visitors from Puerto Rico must also quarantine.

The state recommends that people who have visited an area with widespread or ongoing community transmission of the virus stay home as much as possible for 14 days from the time they left that region.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in South Dakota.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Tennessee.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Texas.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Utah.

Visitors from counties in select states that have similar active coronavirus rates to Vermont and who travel in a private vehicle do not have to quarantine. The same is true for Vermont residents who visit those regions when they return home.

These counties are in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia and Washington, D.C.

Most other travelers need to self-quarantine upon arrival in Vermont, but the state gives them a few options. People may self-quarantine out of state before traveling to Vermont as long as their trip is in a private vehicle and they make only necessary stops, while wearing a face mask, social distancing and washing their hands frequently. Those opting to self-quarantine before their visit to Vermont can either do it for 14 days, or they can shorten it to seven days if they then get a negative test result.

Those arriving by public transportation or a longer car ride must self-quarantine for 14 days, or for seven days followed by a negative test.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Virginia. However, the state recommends that people who were in crowds or mass gatherings, who traveled on a cruise ship or river boat, or who visited an area with widespread transmission of the virus, stay home as much as possible for 14 days.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Washington.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in West Virginia.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Wisconsin. Local quarantine restrictions may be in place at the county level.

As of Sept. 22, there were no statewide restrictions in Wyoming.

Follow Karen Schwartz on Twitter: @WanderWomanIsMe.


By: Karen Schwartz
Title: Thinking of Traveling in the U.S.? These States Have Travel Restrictions.
Sourced From: www.nytimes.com/2020/07/10/travel/state-travel-restrictions.html
Published Date: Sun, 27 Sep 2020 11:06:28 +0000

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What could you order from Ansett Airlines’ inflight bar in the early 1970s?

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People have always liked to drink on board flights, especially people from Australia. Therefore, it should be no surprise to anyone that there was an inflight bar offering in the 1970s.

Ansett Airlines were a major player in the Australian domestic market up until their demise in September 2001. For many years, there were two domestic airlines, Trans-Australia Airlines (TAA) and Ansett.

Ansett’s Inflight Bar

At the time, Ansett operated Boeing 727s, Douglas DC-9s and Fokker F27 Friendships on domestic routes in the country. Airline tickets were quite expensive, with tariffs agreed upon by both airlines thanks to Australia’s weird two-airline policy at the time.

While tickets were expensive and food complimentary, you still had to pay for a drink at the bar. Here is an inflight bar menu from the era, showing the drinks available and their prices.

Clearly the pricing is astounding by today’s standards – 30 cents for a beer? I’ll have thirty-three please! I like how Australian gin is 35c while the imported gin is just 5c more. Which would you choose?

You can tell it is from another era as you can buy cigarettes on board. These price up at 45c, a far cry from the extortionate prices people in the west pay these days for a smoke!

Overall Thoughts

The on board offering is pretty comprehensive for internal flights, and I imagine you’d be hard pressed not to find something you might like. In those times, all payments would have been by cash as well, which would have meant a lot of coinage being handled on board.

Of course, things haven’t changed too much over the years. On many airlines you pay for your drinks just as they did back in the 1970s. Shame the prices aren’t the same of course!

Did you ever buy drinks on board flights from the inflight bar back in the day? Do you still? Thank you for reading and if you have any comments or questions, please leave them below.

To never miss a post, follow me on Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.
All my flight and lounge reviews are indexed here so check them out!

Featured image by Daniel Tanner on Airliners.net via Wikimedia Commons.
Menu image by Ikara on Australian Frequent Flyer.

By: The Flight Detective
Title: What could you order from Ansett Airlines’ inflight bar in the early 1970s?
Sourced From: travelupdate.com/ansett-airlines-inflight-bar-menu/
Published Date: Thu, 19 Nov 2020 15:03:14 +0000

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These Shrimp Leave the Safety of Water and Walk on Land. But Why?

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The shrimp stop swimming at dusk and gather near the river’s edge. After sunset, they begin to climb out of the water. Then they march. All night long, the inch-long crustaceans parade along the rocks.

The parading shrimp of northeastern Thailand have inspired legends, dances and even a statue. (Locals also eat them.) During the rainy season, between late August and early October, tourists crowd the riverbanks with flashlights to watch the shrimp walk.

Watcharapong Hongjamrassilp first learned about the parading shrimp, and the hundred thousand or more tourists who come each year to see them, about 20 years ago. When he started studying biology, he returned to the topic. “I realized that we know nothing about this,” he said: What species are they? Why and how do they leave the safety of the water to walk upstream on dry land? Where are they going?

Mr. Hongjamrassilp, a graduate student at the University of California, Los Angeles, decided to answer those questions himself. His findings appeared this month in the Journal of Zoology.

Working with wildlife center staff members, Mr. Hongjamrassilp staked out nine sites along a river in Thailand’s Ubon Ratchathani province. They found shrimp parading at two of the sites — a stretch of rapids, and a low dam.

The videos they recorded revealed that the shrimp paraded from sundown to sunup. They traveled up to 65 feet upstream. Some individual shrimp stayed out of the water for 10 minutes or more.

“I was so surprised,” Mr. Hongjamrassilp said, “because I never thought that a shrimp can walk that long.” Staying in the river’s splash zone may help them keep their gills wet, so they can keep taking in oxygen. He also observed that the shells of the shrimp seem to trap a little water around their gills, like a reverse dive helmet.

DNA analysis from captured shrimp showed that nearly all belonged to the species Macrobrachium dienbienphuense, part of a genus of shrimp that live mostly or fully in freshwater. Many Macrobrachiumspecies spend part of their lives migrating upstream to their preferred habitats.

Most parading shrimp that Mr. Hongjamrassilp captured were young. Observations and lab experiments showed that these shrimp probably leave the water when the flow becomes too strong for them. Larger adult shrimp can handle a stronger current without washing away, so they’re less likely to leave the water.

Walking on land is dangerous for the little shrimp, even under cover of darkness. Predators including frogs, snakes and large spiders lurk nearby, Mr. Hongjamrassilp says. “Literally, they wait to eat them along the river.”

And the shrimp can survive on land for only so long. If the parading crustaceans lose their way, they may dry out and die before they get back to the river. A few times, Mr. Hongjamrassilp came across groups of lost shrimp dead on the rocks, their once-translucent bodies baked pink.

Yet most navigate upstream successfully, and scientists have spotted other freshwater shrimp around the world performing similar feats, scaling dams and even climbing waterfalls.

Leaving the water when the swimming gets tough may have helped these animals spread to new habitats over their evolutionary history, Mr. Hongjamrassilp said. Today, the number of parading shrimp in Thailand seems to be declining. He thinks tourist activity may be a factor, and learning more about the shrimp might help protect them.

The study’s authors made “some really excellent observations,” said Alan Covich, an ecologist at the University of Georgia who was not involved in the research. But understanding why the Ubon Ratchathani shrimp move upstream, and how far they travel, will require more research, he said.

“The most surprising thing to me was that it attracted so many tourists,” Dr. Covich said. He doesn’t know of any other example of people gathering to appreciate a crustacean in quite the same way.

“We have crayfish festivals, we have all kinds of things,” Dr. Covich said, “but generally it’s people eating them, not watching them move.”

By: Elizabeth Preston
Title: These Shrimp Leave the Safety of Water and Walk on Land. But Why?
Sourced From: www.nytimes.com/2020/11/18/science/shrimp-parade-thailand.html
Published Date: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 17:02:07 +0000

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Will Aer Lingus launch transatlantic flights from Manchester?

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There are reports that Aer Lingus have applied for 1,500 slots at Manchester Airport for the Summer 2021 season. This will allow the airline to base four aircraft there and service flights to the United States.

At present, there have been no press releases from the airline stating what is going on. Even so, it probably makes sense for the Irish airline to do this in the current market.

Aer Lingus And Manchester

From what is known, there will be three Airbus A321LRs and an A330 based at Manchester. These will operate non-stop services to New York JFK, Boston, Chicago and Orlando, and the season starts on 28 March 2021.

With Thomas Cook having gone out of business, there is likely space for another competitor. New York and Orlando will see competition from Virgin Atlantic, while the other two routes have no airline flying at the moment.

Aer Lingus has been connecting passengers over Dublin very successfully from the UK regions for a while now. Due to this, they will have visibility on traffic patterns, potential yields and more, making this an informed decision.

I imagine they also hope to cream off some of the connecting traffic that routes through London Heathrow on British Airways and Amsterdam on KLM among others. It would prove to be quite successful.

Transatlantic Joint Venture Approval

The US Department of Transport has tentatively given its approval for Aer Lingus to join the oneworld transatlantic joint business. This is operated by American Airlines, British Airways, Iberia and Finnair.

These airlines coordinate schedules and pricing, share revenues and expenses. For the consumer, it means more choice – those making a booking on British Airways across the Atlantic will also see options on American Airlines on the BA web site as one example.



Theoretically, it would allow people seeking flights on the British Airways web site to automatically be given options to fly non-stop with Aer Lingus, along with the Manchester-London Heathrow-US city connecting itinerary.

Whether Aer Lingus will join the oneworld alliance, even in a oneworld connect capacity remains to be seen. Frequent flyers would welcome it, especially those in Ireland.

Overall Thoughts

No doubt the boffins have been working behind the scenes to see if the business case for transatlantic flights from Manchester stack up. As things have proceeded as far as a slot application, I would guess chances are good that it will go ahead.

Either way, let’s see if this happens and if it does, whether Aer Lingus will stay for the long haul. If they can make more money elsewhere, they’ll up sticks and leave. Regardless, it is an interesting development in European aviation.

What do you think of Aer Lingus starting transatlantic services from Manchester? Thank you for reading and if you have any comments or questions, please leave them below.

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Featured image by N509FZ via Wikimedia Commons.
Aer Lingus A321neo LR by Pitmanaaron via Wikimedia Commons.
Business class cabin via One Mile At A Time.

By: The Flight Detective
Title: Will Aer Lingus launch transatlantic flights from Manchester?
Sourced From: travelupdate.com/aer-lingus-manchester/
Published Date: Wed, 18 Nov 2020 18:03:48 +0000

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